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UKiset语法核心:主谓一致的易错点归纳汇总

课窝文章发表时间2019-12-03 课窝文章标签UKiset考试,UKiset考试报名官网,UKiset成绩有效期 课窝文章喜欢人数

  UKiset考试全称是UK Independent Schools’ Entry Test, 中文全称为英国私立学校入学测试或可以简称为译赛考试。UKiset 是一项在线英文考试,可考察学生的学习潜力、英文水平,可与英国本土同年龄学生考试成绩做比较。

  今天课窝网继续说说UKiset核心语法:主谓一致的易错点归纳汇总。

  ■不定式短语、动词-ing形式或名词性从句作主语,谓语动词用单数形式。

  如:

  Remember /To remember English words is not easy.

  记英语单词不容易。

  Who will do the job hasn’t been decided yet.

  谁来做这项工作还没决定。

  注:what引导主语从句时,如果其表语是复数形式,谓语动词要用复数形式。

  如:

  What he took with him were two books.

  他带去的是两本书。

  ■“名词或代词+由with, together with, along with, as well as, besides, but ,except, including, in addition to, like, no less than, rather than等引起的短语”作主语时,谓语动词与前面的名词或代词的数一致。

  如:

  Mr Li together with his two sons has gone to the cinema.

  李先生和他的两个儿子看电影去了。

UKiset语法核心:主谓一致的易错点归纳汇总

  Li Ming, rather than his classmates, has let out the secret.

  是李明透露了那个消息而不是他的同学透露的。

  ■“more than one/many a + 单数名词”作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。

  如:

  More than one person has known it.

  不止一个人知道这件事。

  Many a worker was killed in the accident.

  在这个事故中死了许多工人。

  注:“More+复数名词 than one”作主语,谓语则用复数形式。

  如:

  More persons than one have known it.

  不止一个人知道这件事。

  ■“一两个……”,用“one or two+名词复数”表达时,谓语用复数;用“a(an) +名词单数or two”表达时,谓语动词用单数形式。

  如:

  One or two days are enough for them.

  =A day or two is enough for them.

  给他们一两天时间足够了。

  ■and连接两个名词一起作主语时,谓语动词一般用复数形式。

  如:

  Lily and Kite are kind to me.

  莉莉和凯特都对我很好。

  但是,当两个名词表示同一人、同一事物、同一概念或一个完整的东西时(其特征是and后的名词前无任何冠词) ,谓语动词用单数形式。

  如:

  The teacher and writer has come.

  那个教师兼作家已经来了。

  (The teacher and the writer have come.

  那个教师和那个作家都到来了。)

  A knife and fork is on the table.

  有一副刀叉在桌上。

  注:当and连接的并列单数主语前分别有no,each, every, many a, more than one 等修饰时,谓语动词用单数形式。

  如:

  Many a teacher and many a student has seen the film.

  许多教师和学生都看过这部电影。

  ■不定代词one, no one, the other, another, anyone, anybody, someone, somebody, everyone, everybody, nobody, anything, something, everything, nothing, each, either 以及被each, every修饰的名词做主语,尽管有些表达复数意义,但是,它们的谓语应该用单数形式。

  如:

  Is everybody here today?

  大家都到齐了吗?

  Neither (book) is good.

  两本书都不好。

  None knows the weight of another’s burden.

  见人挑担不吃力。

  注:neither, none做主语时,口语中或非正式文字中,谓语动词通常用复数,正式的书面语中用单数。

  如:

  Are/Is neither of the teams playing this week?

  这个星期两个队中有哪一个队要进行比赛?

  None of them has/have been to the Great Wall.

  他们中没有一个人去过长城。

  不过,none作主语,其表语是单数,谓语用单数;表语是复数,谓语则用复数。

  ■在定语从句中,当关系代词 who, which或 that做主语时,从句中的谓语动词应该与先行词保持一致。

  如:

  The teacher who teaches us English is from England.

  教我们英语的教师是英国人。

  Are these the books that were bought yesterday?

  这些就是昨天买的书吗?

  I, who am a new teacher, will teach you English.

  我,一个新教师,将教你们英语。

  ■“one of+名词复数”后面的定语从句, 谓语动词应该用复数;而“the (only) one of + 名词复数”后面的定语从句的谓语应该用单数形式。

  如:

  He is one of the students that have passed the exam.

  他是通过了考试的学生之一。

  He is the (only) one of the students that has passed the exam.

  他就是通过考试的那个学生。

  ■某些集体名词,如family, audience, class, club, company, crew, enemy, government, group, party, public, team等作主语时,如果作为一个整体看待,谓语动词用单数形式,如果就其中一个个成员而言,谓语动词用复单数形式。

  如:

  My family are all fond of going to the cinema.

  我全家都爱看电影。

  The family is rather big, with twelve people in all.

  这个家庭很大,总共有12个人。

  ■当表示时间、距离、金额等度量的复数名词作主语,把它看作一个整体时,谓语动词一般用单数。

  如:

  Surely 15 minutes is enough time for you to have a coffee.

  你喝杯咖啡15分钟当然足够了。

  但若与pass, go by, spend, waste等连用时,谓语动词用复数。

  如:

  Six months have passed, and we still have no news of them.

  六个月过去了,我们依然没有他们的消息

  ■由两个部分构成一个整体的物品名词做主语,如shoes, glasses, boots, socks, scissors, compasses, trousers, shorts等,谓语通常用复数形式。

  如:

  His trousers are new.

  他的裤子是新的。

  但带有pair这样的量词时,谓语要与量词的数保持一致。

  如:

  That pair of trousers was sold out.

  那条裤子卖出去了。

  ■“分数(百分数)+ of + 名词”以及 “all (most, some, any, half, a lot, part, the rest) + of + 名词”做主语时,谓语动词的数与of后的名词的数一致。

  如:

  Three-fourths of the surface of the earth is water.

  地表四分之三都是水。

  Twenty percent of the oranges are bad.

  这桔子百分之二十都坏了。

  All of the water is gone.

  那些水全都没有了。

  ■“a (the, this, that) kind /sort / type of + 名词”做主语,谓语用单数形式;但“these (those, all, many, some) kinds of + 名词”做主语,谓语则用复数形式。

  如:

  This kind of book is useful for us.

  这种书对我们很用。

  Many kinds of shoes are on sale in that shop.

  那个店里有许多种鞋出售。

  注:“名词+ of a (the, this, that, these, those, all, some, many等) + kind(s) ”做主语,谓语动词的数与前面名词的数一致。

  如:

  Book of this kind is useful for us.

  这种书对我们有用。

  Apples of these kinds are sour.

  这种苹果是酸的。

  ■在主谓倒装的句子中,谓语动词的数应与其后的主语一致。

  如:

  On the wall hang two large portraits.

  墙上挂着两幅大肖像。

  Between the two rows of trees stands the teaching building.

  要两排树之间是教学楼。

  ■“a number of +复数名词”意为“许多”,作主语时,谓语动词用复数;“the number of +复数名词”意为“……的数目”,作主语时,谓语动词用单数。

  如:

  The number of people invited was fifty, but a number of them were absent for different reasons.

  被邀请的人是五十个,但由许多人由于不同原因缺席了。

  ■“a lot of /lots of /plenty of /a large quantity of /a large amount of +名词”作主语,谓语动词的数与名词的数一致;

  如:

  A large amount of damage was done in a very short time.

  在短时间内造成了很大的损害。

  A great amount of our investments are in property.

  我们大量的钱都投资到房地产中。

  但“(large /huge) quantities /amounts of名词”作主语,谓语动词一般用复数。

  如:

  Large amounts of money were spent on the bridge.

  那座桥耗费了大量金钱。

  ■“a +单数名词+and a half”和“one and a half +复数名词”做主语,谓语动词用单数形式。

  如:

  One and a half pears has been left on the table.

  盘子里剩下一个半梨子。

  以上就是小编为大家整理的关于UKiset英语语法之主谓一致的易错点归纳汇总,希望对大家有所帮助。更多UKiset考试报名官网、UKiset成绩查询官网等问题可以咨询我们。

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