In some cultures the old age is highly valued, while in some cultures youth is highly valued. Discussbothand give your opinion.
When the 32-year-old Emmanuel Macron and the 72-year-old Ronald Trump were elected the President of France and the U.S.respectively, we can feel the difference in attitude of the two countries towards the age: Young people are probably more valued in France than in the U.S.
1. 本段通过例子引入要讨论的话题：不同文化对老年人和年 轻人的态度不同。
2. respectively 各自地；分别地
Of course, the youthhave every reason tobe valued in any culture. They are the most creative and energetic population. It is noexaggerationto say that young people are what keeps the world going. Yet, with their experience and knowledge, old people are also a valuableassetfor any nation. If young people keep the world going, then it is the old who keep the young people going.
2. to have every reason to do... 有充足的理由做......
3. exaggeration 夸张
4. asset 财富
However, it is often found that, in some cultures, the youth are more valued, while in others, the old are more respected. The difference, I believe, mainlyarises fromthe traditional values of a given culture. In East Asian countries such as China, Japan, and Korea, for example, people of the old age are oftenlooked up toandhave the final say overmany important issues, while in many European countries such as France, Germany, and Swede, the important government positions are often held by young people, because people in these countries traditionally trust young people more than they do the old.
2. arise from... 起源于......
3. look up to... 尊敬
4. to have the final say over... 对......有最终发言权
The difference in attitude towards the old age and the youth alsoreflectsthe immediate needs of a particular culture. If a community suffers from the seriousaging problem, young people will be more valued to keep the community competitive. By contrast, in a communityoverwhelmed withyoung people, the old age will be more valued to keep the communityharmonious.
2. aging problem 老年化问题
3. be overwhelmed with...充满了......
4. harmonioius 和谐的
To sum up, both the old age and the youth should be valued, yet whether any one of them should be more valueddepends uponthe traditional values and the immediatestatus quoof the cultureunder discussion.
2. depend upon... 取决于......
3. status quo 现状
4. under discussion 在讨论中的