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AEIS语法考点​:代词one,it,that的用法区别

课窝文章发表时间2020-03-26 课窝文章标签AEIS语法考点,AEIS报名资料,AEIS考试题目下载 课窝文章喜欢人数

  在英语语法中没有什么所谓的“高级”语法或“低级”语法,只要你能用的恰当好处,都是好的语法。今天课窝网小编为大家分享AEIS语法考点之代词one,it,that的用法区别。

  代词one,it,that的用法区别

  1.I like the blue sweater. I'll take it.我喜欢那件蓝色的毛衣。我要了。

  2.-I like blue sweaters.(顾客)我喜欢蓝色的毛衣。

  -How about this one?(服务员)这个怎么样?

  3.The like which I want to buy is more beautiful than that he has.我想买的那种比他买的还要漂亮。

  看以上三个句子,注意思考句中it ,one ,that 的含义:it 应该指the blue sweater,one指any blue sweater(任何一件蓝毛衣),that指 his like 。

AEIS语法考点:代词one,it,that的用法区别

  下面我们来共同学习一下它们的不同吧!

  1.它们均可作代词,用来指代上文提到的名词,但it 用来代替不可数名词或单数可数名词,且是“同名同物”;one 用来代替单数可数名词,表泛指,是“同名异物”;that 用来代替特指的不可数名词和单数可数名词。

  习题练习:

  ⑴.-Do you see my dictionary,Dad? I can't find__.

  -No, I don't.

  A. it B.one C.that D.the one

  ⑵.We have various summer camps for your holidays.

  You can choose__based on your own interists.

  A.either B.each C.one D.it

  ⑶.The population of Henan Province is larger than__of any province in China.

  A.one B.it C.that D.the one

  答案:⑴. A ⑵. C ⑶.C

  2.it还可以替名词性从句,动词-ing短语或动名词以及不定式短语;同时it也可以作形式主语或形式宾语,而one 和that 无此用法。

  eg: If you take a bus at the airport; it will take you half an hour to get there.如果你在机场坐公共汽车,你要花半个小时才能到那儿。

  "it"作形式主语,代替to get there

  I found it hard to understand.我很难理解。

  "it"代替to understand

  3.one 和that 又有什么区别呢?

  ⑴one为泛指,相当于a/an +名词,that为特指,相当于the+名词,所以one所指代的名词的修饰语一般为a/an/some/any;that所指代的名词的修饰语往往是the/this/that.

  eg:The water in the cup is hotter than that in the pot.杯子里的水比锅里的热。

  A chair made of steel is stronger than one made of wood.钢做的椅子比木头做的椅子结实。

  ⑵one只能代替单数可数名词,代替可数名词复数时用ones,that 既可以代替不可数名词,也可以代替可数名词单数,代替可数复数时用those.eg:I like this pen more than that one .(one代替可数名词单数pen)我比较喜欢这支笔

  There were a few young people and some older ones in the people.(ones代替可数名词复数people)有几个年轻人和一些老年人在。

  Mary's handwriting is much better than that if peter.(that 代替不可数名词handwriting)玛丽的笔迹比彼得的好多了。

  These pictures are more beautiful than those .(those代替可数名词复数pictures)这些照片比那些漂亮多了⑶one既可代替食物,也可代替人,that只能代替事物。有时用the one 和the ones 代替that和those.

  eg:The one /that on the table is mine.桌子上的那个是我的。

  He is the teacher,the one who is loved by the students.(该句中the one 代替人,不能用that)他是老师,受学生爱戴的老师。

  以上就是小编为大家整理的关于AEIS语法笔记代词one,it,that的用法区别分析,希望对大家有所帮助。更多AEIS考试培训网、AEIS考试试题下载等问题可以咨询我们。


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