Ukiset写作如何选题的例题分享

2018-03-05 17:29 1859843次浏览
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  Ukiset写作部分中考生需要使用的文体通常为说明文,那么如何通过考试题目判断是否该使用说明文文体进行写作呢?以下是一些经常在Ukiset写作部分出现的关键词,如果你在读题时候遇到这些关键词,那么就可以根据题目的具体要求,开始说明文写作了。

Ukiset写作如何选题的例题分享

  关键词1: Compare(比较)

  Compare的涵义为比较,需要考生去比较某几样事情的相同点及不同点。

  要注意,大多数同学一般知道需要比较事物的不同点,但相同点也不可以错过。

  例题:Compare your favourite and least favourite subject at school

  请比较你在学校最喜欢和讨厌的学科

  关键词2:Contrast(对比)

  Contrast的涵义为对比,这里就需要同学们把重点放在比较“差别”上了,也就是事物间的不同点。

  例题:What are the main contrasts between swimming and walking and which do you prefer and why?

  游泳和走路有什么区别?你更喜欢哪一个?为什么?

  关键词3:Describe(描述)

  Describe的含义为“描述”,在看到这个关键词时,考生需要就提到的物品/事物进行描述,且需要侧重对事物特点及特征的描述。

  例题: If you were Prime Minister for the day, describe what you would do and why?

  如果你是当今的首相,你会做些什么?

  关键词4:Discuss(讨论)

  针对某个话题进行讨论,意味着考生需要深入某个现象或话题,呈现和表达个人观点,且需要注意的是,这里需要讨论的方面需要包含“正面观点”及“反面观点”,并作证这些观点。

  例题:Discuss what you think makes a brilliant friend

  回答该题时可以同时讨论“一个优秀的朋友具有怎样的品质”及“一个不优秀的朋友具有怎样的品质”,换言之考生需要从两个方面(正反面)出发作文。

  关键词5:Evaluate(评价、衡量)

  Evaluate关键词出现时,学生通常需要衡量某件事情或物品的价值,可以谈论学生的个人观点,也可以提及其他人的看法。

  例题:Evaluate the qualities that make a brilliant friend

  请衡量一个好朋友的特点。

  本题和上一题的回答方式是类似的,学生不仅需要讨论一个好的朋友具有的特质,同时还需要讨论一个不好的朋友具有哪种特质。

  关键词6:Explain(解释)

  Explain意味着考生需要对给出的话题作出详细且有条理的说明,或是给出某件事情发生的原因或其重要性分析。

  例题:Explain the rules of your favourite sport or game and say why you like playing it so much

  请解释你最喜欢的体育运动或游戏的规则,并解释你为何喜欢这个运动或游戏

  关键词7:Summarise(总结)

  考生需要使用简短明了的语言对观点进行系统、有条理的描述。

  例题:Summarise your best day ever and explain why it was so much fun

  请总结你度过的最棒的一天,并解释为何那天你很开心。

  Ukiset会考哪些话题?

  Ukiset考试主要针对年龄为9-17岁之间的学生,因此话题内容和范围会和学生的年龄息息相关,也就是说考生的年龄越大,需要讨论的话题难度也会越来越高。然而即使不同年龄段的学生在考试中被给出相似的话题,评分标准也会根据学生的年龄而有所差别。

  举个例子来说,9岁与15岁的考生可能需要根据相似的问题进行作文,然而改卷老师将会从词汇,句式,观点等方面,对15岁的考生提出更高的要求。

  以下是一些根据不同年龄段给出了Ukiset作文例题,同学们在参考时也别忘了留意上文提到的寻找“关键词”方法:

  9-11岁

  Describe your favourite animal and what you like about it.

  描述你最喜欢的动物及你为什么喜欢它。

  What is your favourite hobby and why?

  你有什么兴趣爱好,为什么?

  ‘My best birthday ever’ – write about the best birthday you ever had, explaining what was so wonderful about it and how you felt.

  我度过的最棒的生日——根据你经历过的最棒的生日作文,并解释那个生日有哪些令人开心的地方,以及你的感受。

  11-14岁

  Your family has just moved house so you now live in a new town or city. Write a letter to a friend comparing your new home to your old one and also comparing your new town or city to the place you lived before.

  你的家庭刚搬了家,现居住在一个新的城镇,请写一封信给你的朋友,比较新家和原来的家,并比较现在居住的城镇与之前居住的城镇。

  If you suddenly won lots of money, what would you do with it?

  如果你忽然赢得了很多钱,你会如何处理这笔钱?

  ‘My scariest moment’ – write about your scariest moment, explaining how you felt.

  “我最恐惧的时刻”——请根据你最恐惧的时刻进行作文,并解释你的当时的感受。

  14-17岁

  The world is a better place now than it used to be. Do you agree?

  现在的世界比过去的世界要更好,你同意吗?

  If you were Prime Minister for the day, what would you change and why?

  如果你是当今的首相,你会做出哪些改变及原因?

  Why is New Year such an important event to celebrate?

  为什么新年是一个非常重要的庆祝节日?

  例文分析

  以下是一篇针对10-11岁考生有关“我最恐惧的时刻”主题的例文,供同学们参考:

  第一段

  I was ten years old when I experienced my most scary moment. I can remember it extremely well as I have never been that frightened in my life before. I shall now tell you about it…

  分析:题目要求考生描述“我最恐惧的时刻”,因此其中最重要的关键词1为“我的”,考生需要使用第一人称进行描述。例文的最后一句“I shall now tell you about it…(我现在来告诉你…)”引导读者跟随作者进入话题描述。

  第二段

  I was on holiday with my parents and younger brother, Henry, who was seven. We were staying in an apartment in Majorca. One day my parents said that we were going on a boat trip around the island. I was very excited as I love the water and we would be going in a very fast speedboat, just like James Bond!

  分析:该段对场景进行了铺垫,介绍了与故事相关的人物及角色。同时文章还使用了“明喻”的修辞手法,将自己的经历与詹姆斯邦德相类比。

  第三段

  When we reached the jetty the boat was bobbing in the sparkling blue water. Its white side panels and silver trim gleamed in the sunlight. It looked like a very expensive boat. Our driver was called Juan. He gave us a safety talk before we got into the boat and we had to wear brightly coloured life jackets, which made Henry and I look like little round oranges, with arms and legs sticking out. We both felt silly.

  分析:这个段落的描述非常详细生动,例如jetty, bobbing, gleamed, sparkling等在内的词汇都使用得非常合适,彰显了考生扎实的英文基础,将穿着救生衣的自己和弟弟比做“橘子”,也凸显了作者丰富的想象力。

  第四段

  Juan started to reverse the boat away from the jetty and drove it out into the open water. It was a calm day and the sea was very smooth so I wasn’t frightened at all. As the boat went faster and faster, it began to hit the surface of the water with more power. It began to crash into the waves and got more and more bumpy. Dad was holding on to Henry, as he was smaller than me, and I sat in the back, clasping onto my seat as best I could. However, as it got bumpier, and the salty sea spray splashed into my eyes and onto my leather seat, I felt my hands slipping. Suddenly we hit a really big wave and I lurched forwards, towards the edge of the boat. All I could see were the waves and water coming towards me and I really thought I was going to go over the side. My heart pounded in my ribcage as I tried to grab on to something. Luckily, Dad spotted my bright orange lifejacket out of the corner of his eye and grabbed me, pulling me back to safety before I could fall out.

  分析:本段是全文中最长的段落,但逻辑清晰,清楚描述了故事发生的地点及具体发生的情况。文章还使用了复合句式,断句也恰当合适。用词准确且恰当。

  第五段

  I was so pleased to get back to the shore. As I got out of the boat, my legs were shaking like jelly. I will never feel silly about wearing a lifejacket again as it saved my life.

  分析:结尾段简短到位,且强调了穿戴救生衣的重要性,在讲述自己经历的同时强调了作者从这件事中学到的道理。

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