雅思听力单选技巧:排除法来找答案!

2020-09-12 15:06 788次浏览
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  对于很多同学而言,雅思听力的单选题一直都是噩梦一般的存在。了解雅思听力的同学都知道,雅思听力中的选择题难度是比填空题要高很多的,尤其是section3中的单选题,误导内容很多,一不小心就容易掉到坑里。今天我们就来看看如何去排除掉三种常见的干扰项来更快锁定正确答案吧!

  Latin American studies

  1Paul decided to get work experience in South America because he wanted

  Ato teach English there.

  B to improve his Spanish.

  C to learn about Latin American life.

  2 What project work did Paul originally intend to get involved in?

  Aconstruction

  Bagriculture

  Ctourism

  3 Why did Paul change from one project to another?

  A His first job was not well organized.

  BHe found doing the routing work very boring.

  CThe work was too physically demanding.

  4In the village community, he learnt how important it was to

  Arespect family life.

  Bdevelop trust.

  C use money wisely.

  5What does Paul say about his project manager?

  AHe let Paul do most of the work.

  BHis plans were too ambitious.

  CHe was very supportive of Paul.

  6 Paul was surprised to be given

  Aa computer to use.

  Bso little money to live on.

  Can extension to his contract.

  不知道大家做完是不是感觉有点晕啊?

  大家可以先对一下答案:CCABCA

  然后我们一起来看看到底怎么做排除法来找到答案!

  01

  排除反义与否定信息

  1Paul decided to get work experience in South America because he wanted

  Ato teach English there.

  B to improve his Spanish.

  C to learn about Latin American life.✔️

  PAUL: Well, as I'm combining Spanish with Latin American studies,my main idea was to find out more about the way _people lived there.My spoken Spanish was already pretty good in fact.

  WOMAN: So you weren't too worried about language barriers?

  PAUL: No. In fact,I ended up teaching English there, although that wasn't my original choice of work.

  分析

  第一题当中正确答案C本身难度不高,出现在较为前面的地方,之后又出现了A和B选项相关的内容来迷惑考生,我们先看橘色字的内容:

  My spoken Spanish was already pretty good in fact.

  这句话与我们选项B中的Spanish重合,但是内容方向相反,“很好”与“改进”属于逻辑相背,所以可以排除。

  再来看一下绿色字的内容:

  I ended up teaching English there, although that wasn't my original choice of work.

  这句话与我们选项A中的teach English重合,但是出现了although和wasn`t,属于否定信息,也需要排除。

  其实,我们在练习当中经常会遇到像这道题一样的情况,也就是在正确答案出现之后,又出现了很多迷惑人的表述,尤其是越后面出现的内容越容易被误选,因为没听清楚的时候很多同学都倾向于会选择最后听到的内容。

  当我们了解了误导项的情况之后,我们只要听到此处的内容是否定或是反向的,就可以很轻松地把它排除掉了。比如像这种先提到某个选项中的内容,然后出现but、although的一般都可以排除掉。比如第三题中的C选项:The work was toophysically demanding.对应原文:

  PAUL: Because I never really knew whether I'd be needed or not.I'd thought it might bedifficult physically,butI was certainly fit enough.

  也是先出现选项内容physically再出现but的结构所以也可以立刻判断出C选项是误导项,不要去选。

  02

  排除并列的信息

  2 What project work did Paul originally intend to get involved in?

  Aconstruction

  Bagriculture

  Ctourism✔️

  WOMAN: What kind of work?

  PAUL: Well, there were several possibilities.

  WOMAN: You mean construction? Engineering work?

  PAUL: Yes,getting involved in building projects was an option.Then there was tourism - taking tourists for walks around the volcanoes - which I actually chose to do,and then there was work with local farmers.

  WOMAN: But you didn't continue with that project.

  分析

  第二题当中,正确选项是夹在两个误导项之间的,呈现方式是完全并列的:

  ....wasanoption. Then there was......and then therewas......

  连续说了三个可能的option,如果没有任何补充的内容,那么三个选项任何一个都无法成为答案,因为纯并列的信息一般都是可以排除掉的,否则a对b也对c也对,这个题目就没办法选了。

  我们的正确答案是用从句补充说明了其中一个“which I actually chose to do”所以让C选项从三个并列当中脱颖而出。

  我们在平时做题的时候也经常会遇到类似的情况,有两个选项中的内容连续出现,是并列的结构,如果没有别的附加信息,我们在做题的时候把它们都排除掉就可以了。

  03

  排除与题干条件不一样的信息

  6 Paul was surprised to be given

  Aa computer to use.✔️

  Bso little money to live on.

  Can extension to his contract.

  WOMAN: And did you have acontract?

  PAUL: I had to stay for a minimum of three months.My parents were surprised when I asked to stay longer- six months in the end. I was so happy there.

  WOMAN: And did anything on the administration side of things surprise you? What was the food and lodging like?

  PAUL: Simple... butthere was plenty to eat and I only paid seven dollars a day for that which was amazing really. Andthey gave me all the equipment I needed.., even a laptop.

  WOMAN: You didn't expect that then?

  PAUL: No.

  分析

  第六题当中,正确答案A出现在较为后面的位置,在此之前的内容都非常有迷惑性,首先出现了C选项的内容:

  My parents were surprised when I asked to stay longer.

  这句话与我们选项C中的extension to his contract重合,虽然句子中出现了surprised,但是与题干Paul was surprised要求不符,我们要的是男生自己吃惊的内容,而不是家长吃惊的内容。

  再来看一下绿色字的内容:

  there was plenty to eat and I only paid seven dollars a day for that which was amazing really

  这句话与我们选项B中的so little money to live on重合,这个选项误导性也很强,因为原文中出现了amazingsurprised意思也是一致的,但是题干要的是surprised to be given,是被给与的让人吃惊的东西,而原文中说每天花费少是付出的东西,不是得到的,所以也不符合题干要求。

  以上就是小编为大家整理的关于雅思听力考试排除掉三种常见的干扰项方法讲解,希望对大家有所帮助。更多雅思网络课程、雅思​​​​​​​阅读技巧等问题可以咨询我们。


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