雅思小作文的正确打开方式

2020-09-22 14:50 809次浏览
分享至:


  雅思之难,莫不过口语写作,尤其是写作,且不说大作文话题千变万化,就雅思小作文来讲就有流程图、地图、折线图、饼图等各种题型,找不准其中套路的话,根本无从下手准备。

  1.掌握题型并正确审题

  考前我们可以先熟悉小作文常出的几类题型,从范文中学习框架和常用词汇。

  常见图表类型

  线性图:随着时间的推移而造成图中数量的增长、减少或是不变的趋势(注意单位)

  柱状图:数量之间的比较(分数、倍数或是相等的关系)

  饼状图:在整体数量中各部分所占比例的比较

  表格:有时间推移的,可转化为线型图来看,观察趋势变化;否则,按横/列来看,进行数量的大小比较

  流程图:图片和关键词的顺序描述

  地图:按照方向顺序进行图片信息的变化比较(注意不要漏信息)

  基本写作框架

  开头段:仔细阅读题目要求,注意写作需要涵盖的内容。复述且改写题干的关键词(同义词替换或调整原句的顺序)。

  主体段:对图表信息进行概括总结。描述整体的一个趋势走向,或最大值最小值等。描述图表中最显著的信息,具体的数字或互相之间的对比。

  总结段:不一定要加上,但也可以再将重要信息用一两句话总结一下。

  常用词汇

  与趋势有关的词汇:

  上升(v.):increase, rise, climb, ascend, surge, shoot up

  下降(v.):decrease, decline, drop, fall, descend, plunge

  持平(v.):remain stable, keep constant, level off, flatten out

  波动(v.):fluctuate, wave, go up and down

  急剧(adj.):considerable, significant, substantial, remarkable, dramatic

  平稳(adj.):steady, stable, moderate, modest

  缓慢(adj.):slight, minimal, marginal

  与大小相关的词汇:

  Outnumber, Triple, double, Counterpart, outgrown, more than, less than, outweigh, outpace

  表示相同的词汇:

  reflected in…, within the…, similarly with…, show a similar trend

  表示相反的词汇:

  In contrast, Compared with, marked difference, Comparatively, a notable exception

  表示时间的词汇:

  between…and…, since then, from now/then on, over/during the period from…to…, by the end of…, from the…onwards/from… onwards, in those/the given years/period(s), in the following … years/period, over the course of the…, throughout the…years from… to…表示程度的词汇:

  slightly,dramatically,steadily,gradually,strikingly,sharply,extremely表示方位和空间的词汇:

  lies,be located/situated in, across, parallel, intersect, on the …side of the, on both sides of, just off …, on the opposite side, on the border, center/middle/central area, near/next to/close to/adjacent to表示流程顺序的词汇:

  开始:

  first of all,initially, to begin with, in the first place, the first stage involves …, during, in the first place, firstly

  其次:

  second, then, next, also, in the second stage, following this/that, afterwards the first (reason) is

  然后:

  after that, at the same time, in the meantime, meanwhile, prior to, until, in the third stage, in addition, at the same time, from that moment on, once when

  最终:finally, lastly, in the final stage, in the end, thirdly

  2.精炼概括

  关键信息的提取:

  Don’t 包含所有数字和细节

  Do 描述关键点和趋势,弄清问题描述的信息,找出图表中最显著的几个趋势

  碰上这种多线条的,千万别想着覆盖所有的数据

  正确做法:选择重要数据进行描述,例如:开始量、结束量、大致趋势、极值、相交点、转折点。

  3. 巧用连词

  很多烤鸭都不知道怎么灵活应用已学过的连接词,用来用去都是同一个转换词,其实在我们的学习中,很多连接词都可以相互替换。

  表并列

  First,second,last,also,and,as well as,at the same time, equally important

  例句:It seems that the experience we have in life are so unpredictable and so powerful, that they can boost or over-ride other influences, and there seems to be plenty of research findings to confirm this.

  表递进

  furthermore, in addition, moreover

  例句:It is true that it is only those who reach the top of their profession who can get these huge salaries. They are, in effect, rare talents. Furthermore, the majority of stars do not hold their top positions long.

  表观点

  strangely enough, undoubtedly, fortunately, unfortunately, most importantly, surprisingly

  例句:However, reaching the conclusion that change is inevitable is not the same as assuming that "change is always for the better". Unfortunately, it is not always the case that new things are promoted because they have good impacts on the majority of people.  ​​​​​​​

  以上就是小编为大家整理的关于雅思小作文正确的解题方式,希望对大家有所帮助。更多雅思视频教程、雅思官方报名网等问题可以咨询我们。


猜你喜欢

1 / 3
获取专属留学方案
选择教育程度
  • 小学
  • 初中
  • 高中
  • 大学
图片验证码
提交